The most popular Fixed Fire Fighting Equipment are water systems . The main group of such installations are sprinkler systems . Fully automatic, allowing for quick detection and extinguishing of a fire directly in the place of its occurrence.
The installation consists of sprinklers, control and alarm stations, a pumping station and a water reservoir integrated in the network of pipes.
The mechanism of operation of the installation is based on the detection of fire by sprinklers – nozzles with thermo-sensitive ampoules, which burst under the influence of increasing temperature, allowing the outflow of water in the installation directly above the source of the fire. Due to the pressure drop in the pipelines, the control and alarm valve is opened and the sprinkler pump is started. By connecting the installation to monitoring, the fire signal is sent to the facility staff and the State Fire Service for further rescue operation.